Vinales Valley

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Pinar del Rio

pinar del rio map

With an extension 8 884.51 km. the province is located in the western portion of Cuba, inside of the Cordillera de Guaniguanico,what does it have 11;% of river basins in the country, and its main rivers are Cuyaguateje, Rio Hondo and Rio San Diego. The highest elevation in the region is the Bread of Guajaibón with 692 meters above sea level and highlights the caves of Santo Tomas, the Indian and of course the Viñales Valley and its shores Maria La Gorda and Cayo Levisa . Its agricultural activity stands to produce and export of tobacco and food products. It as important mineral resources linked to the existence of potential for forestry, tourism and energy development make this province very important activity for the country.

Hotel Los Jazmines

hotel jazmines viñales

At Viñales Valley you can find this hotel one of the best Cuban landscape, declared cultural landscape of humankind, exhibits an incredible view for those enjoy nature, the perfect place to enjoy a family vacations, a honeymoons and excursions.The hotel has 78 comfortable and well-decorated typical Cuban guest rooms. It has 78 rooms with air aconditioning, bath room, telephone, satellite TV and balcony.

Viñales Valley is located in the northern part of the province of Pinar del Rio. It has a territorial extension of 693.77 square kilometres without including an area of 920 hectares belonging to adjacent keys which represents 6 percent of the total province.

The small town of Viñales is found in the Sierra de los Organos Mountains, part of the Guaniguanico chain, in a fertile plain full of rock formations and mountainous area.

The first references that exist on Viñales say that after multiple trespasses of wealth in 1871, the Viñales farm belonged to Don Andres Hernandez Ramos which in 1878 donates two plantations and land for the construction of a town with a typical infrastructure of the time (church, city hall, recreational plaza, school and hospital). On January 1879, Viñales is official declared a town. Since then this municipality has been turning into one of the most prosperous areas of the province.

In Viñales there are 4 special areas: Viñales Valley, Sierra de Viñales, Sierra Ancon and Sierra del Infierno.

Viñales Monumental Heritage is constituted by the Valley and the People, both legally protected and recognized by UNESCO as World Heritage Site. Also as important are the Ceja del Negro Historic Site and the Santo Tomas Gran Caverna. Due to the presence of indigenous paintings the following have been declared local monuments; Cura Cave, Petroglifos Cave and the Garrafon Cave in the Sierra de los Organos.

In these protected areas there are important natural values and they are recognized by its beautiful monumental landscapes with vertical rock formations and carsick sierras, rich flora and fauna and the areas with pine trees. In addition to drains underground rivers, medicinal and mineral waters, small beaches among others. The existence of caves is very common in this area, it has the largest cave system in the whole country, created by the erosion of the rivers. Among the most famous are the Indian Cave which has the San Juan and Santo Tomas rivers go through its interior, the largest of the Antilles with 45 kilometers in length.

Viñales Valley has unique or almost extinct vegetable and animal species. Some 4 kilometers from the town of Viñales you can find the Dos Hermanas rock formation that exhibits in one of its sides the Pre-historic Mural, an enormous painting of 120 meters high and 180 wide by Cuban artist Leovigildo Gonzalez student of Mexican muralist Diego de Rivera representing animals and creatures that lived in the region.

Mural of Prehistory

It is one of the largest fresh openwork planet with 120 meters high and 160 wide. It was created in 1959 by painter and scientist Leovigildo Gonzalez (disciple of the Mexican muralist Diego Rivera) with the help of more than a dozen farmers who volunteered for the risky task leashes parachute to climb to the summit. This mural shows the evolution of life in natural sense in Cuba. It is located on a vertical wall painted on the hillock called Pita, who was cleared to perform this work. The rock was washed and drains were made to avoid it in the future, erosion because of rain. The mural depicts the biogeologic past of the region, considered one of the most ancient lands in the Caribbean. Along with the human figures that evoke the natives of this area of ​​the archipelago, include those of large mammals such as megalocnus rodens (giant bear disappeared) and ammonites, molluscs more than 70 million years old. Ecured-Mural of Prehistory (only Spanish)


Mural of Prehistory viñales pinar del rio

Santo Tomas Gran Caverna

santo tomas cavern pinar del rio

It is a National Monument and the largest cave system of Cuba, located in the municipality of Viñales. Its caves are considered the most important not only for its size of 46.2 kilometers, but their fossils and natural beauty.

Mogotes

mogotes, viñales pinar del rio

The elevations of the mogotes are of average altitude to small, that are isolated or together, their summits are rounded and have almost vertical slopes, they are formed by old limestone, of dark color. These formations, characteristic of the Sierra de los Organos in Pinar del Río, are also found in Jamaica, Puerto Rico, the Asian Malay Peninsula, the Chinese region of Guangxi, Vietnam and other karst areas

Cultivation of tobaco

House to dry tobacco in Vinales Valley, Pinar del Rio, Cuba

The harmonious action of man in the cultivation of tobaco, whose traditional methods of cultivation and production, achieve universal recognition of Habanos as one of the best quality in the world, besides being one of the tourist attractions in the Valley

 

Things to do

Places of interest

  • ✓ Santo Tomas Gran Caverna
  • ✓ Indian Cave
  • ✓ Palenque of the Maroons
  • ✓ Mural of Prehistory
  • ✓ Prehistoric park

Places of interest

  • ✓ Palmarito Cave
  • ✓ House Veguero
  • ✓ Viñales Valley Overlook
  • ✓ Botanical Garden
  • ✓ Horse ride through the valley

Restaurants

  • ✓ Finca Agroecologica El Paraiso
  • ✓ 3J Bar de Tapas
  • ✓ Balcon del Valle
  • ✓ El Olivo
  • ✓ Paladar La Cuenca
  • ✓ La Casa Verde

Guest house

  • ✓ Villa Cristal-1 hab w/bathroom
  • ✓ Vista al valle-2 hab w/bathroom
  • ✓ Casa Felipa-2 hab w/bathroom
  • ✓ Seydi Y Geysi-2 hab w/bathroom
  • ✓ Villa Silvia-2 hab w/bathroom